Ryssberget Nature Reserve
Nature reserve with great geological, historical and natural values. Follow signs from Tivoli Park in Sölvesborg.
BeskrivningWhence the name Ryssberget will is disputed, but probably the name come from the old Danish "Riis Bier" which means it "risskogstäckta" mountain.
Ryssberget runs north-south direction and a so-called basement horst. A horst is formed by rock bursts and between two paralllella cracks pressed a piece of the mountain up. Also falling landscape around it. With its 150 m asl is Ryssberget an eyesore in the flat environment at great distances. Here is one of the largest beech forest areas. Ryssberget has long been cultivated by man and using forest resources to the household. For example, rooting pigs in beech and oak forests and Gathering firewood and timber. According to a map from 1684 dominated the book on the northern Ryssberget while it grew mostly oak on the south.
The southern parts of Ryssberget bedrock is 1700 million years old. During mezoisk period (225-665 million years ago) that includes periods Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous climate was tropical at times, and then animals such as dinosaurs, crocodiles and sharks have been in the area. Surveys have shown that the Ryssberget are several rare vascular plants, such as gaffelbräken and black willow. There is also a valuable lichen flora with several red-listed species Lobaria pulmonaria and bokvårtlav. Examples of rare mosses are flat spring moss and sydkvastmossa. There is also a large number of fungal species skillerticka and mountain soup.
The area just north of the trail at the reserve car park has been designated as a key habitat. It extends about 700 m to the NE and consists mainly of short stature, crooked very old book. They are about 200 - 300 years but, despite the very short adults. This is because the soil is very thin and skinny here. The trees' great age favors certain other organisms such as lichens, which require a long time to develop. Here the vegetation is exposed to air pollution. The lichens are particularly sensitive to this and this done inspections every 5 years. The area also has remnants of our history. Clearance cairns, low mounds of collected small pebbles, are traces of the former farmland. Here are the most overgrown with moss, but still distinguishable. The oldest cairns are from the Late Bronze Age and early Iron Age.